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html5游戏中设置背景循环的编程

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背景循环

为了使相同的背景一直循环,我们必须使用一个特定的技术。


首先告诉组件构造函数这是一个背景。 然后,组件构造函数将添加图像两次,将第二个图像立即放置在第一个图像之后。


在newPos()方法中,检查组件的x位置是否到达图像的末尾,如果有,将组件的x位置设置为0:


function component(width, height, color, x, y, type) {
    this.type = type;
    if (type == "image" || type == "background") {
        this.image = new Image();
        this.image.src = color;
    }
    this.width = width;
    this.height = height;
    this.speedX = 0;
    this.speedY = 0
    this.x = x;
    this.y = y; 
    this.update = function() {
        ctx = myGameArea.context;
        if (type == "image" || type == "background") {
            ctx.drawImage(this.image, 
                this.x, this.y, this.width, this.height);
            if (type == "background") {
                ctx.drawImage(this.image, 
                this.x + this.width, this.y, this.width, this.height);
            }
        } else {
            ctx.fillStyle = color;
            ctx.fillRect(this.x, this.y, this.width, this.height);
        }
    }
    this.newPos = function() {
        this.x += this.speedX;
        this.y += this.speedY;
        if (this.type == "background") {
            if (this.x == -(this.width)) {
                this.x = 0;
            }
        }
    } 
}
完整代码:
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
<style>
canvas {
    border:1px solid #d3d3d3;
    background-color: #f1f1f1;
}
</style>

</head>
<body onload="startGame()">
<script>

var myGamePiece;
var myBackground;

function startGame() {
    myGamePiece = new component(30, 30, "smiley.gif", 10, 120, "image");
    myBackground = new component(656, 270, "citymarket.jpg", 0, 0, "background");
    myGameArea.start();
}

var myGameArea = {
    canvas : document.createElement("canvas"),
    start : function() {
        this.canvas.width = 480;
        this.canvas.height = 270;
        this.context = this.canvas.getContext("2d");
        document.body.insertBefore(this.canvas, document.body.childNodes[0]);
        this.frameNo = 0;
        this.interval = setInterval(updateGameArea, 20);
        },
    clear : function() {
        this.context.clearRect(0, 0, this.canvas.width, this.canvas.height);
    },
    stop : function() {
        clearInterval(this.interval);
    }
}

function component(width, height, color, x, y, type) {
    this.type = type;
    if (type == "image" || type == "background") {
        this.image = new Image();
        this.image.src = color;
    }
    this.width = width;
    this.height = height;
    this.speedX = 0;
    this.speedY = 0;    
    this.x = x;
    this.y = y;    
    this.update = function() {
        ctx = myGameArea.context;
        if (type == "image" || type == "background") {
            ctx.drawImage(this.image, 
                this.x, 
                this.y,
                this.width, this.height);
        if (type == "background") {
            ctx.drawImage(this.image, 
                this.x + this.width, 
                this.y,
                this.width, this.height);
        }
        } else {
            ctx.fillStyle = color;
            ctx.fillRect(this.x, this.y, this.width, this.height);
        }
    }
    this.newPos = function() {
        this.x += this.speedX;
        this.y += this.speedY;
        if (this.type == "background") {
            if (this.x == -(this.width)) {
                this.x = 0;
            }
        }
    }    
}

function updateGameArea() {
    myGameArea.clear();
    myBackground.speedX = -1;
    myBackground.newPos();    
    myBackground.update();
    myGamePiece.newPos();    
    myGamePiece.update();
}

function move(dir) {
    myGamePiece.image.src = "angry.gif";
    if (dir == "up") {myGamePiece.speedY = -1; }
    if (dir == "down") {myGamePiece.speedY = 1; }
    if (dir == "left") {myGamePiece.speedX = -1; }
    if (dir == "right") {myGamePiece.speedX = 1; }
}

function clearmove() {
    myGamePiece.image.src = "smiley.gif";
    myGamePiece.speedX = 0; 
    myGamePiece.speedY = 0; 
}
</script>
<div style="text-align:center;width:480px;">
  <button onmousedown="move('up')" onmouseup="clearmove()" ontouchstart="move('up')">UP</button><br><br>
  <button onmousedown="move('left')" onmouseup="clearmove()" ontouchstart="move('left')">LEFT</button>
  <button onmousedown="move('right')" onmouseup="clearmove()" ontouchstart="move('right')">RIGHT</button><br><br>
  <button onmousedown="move('down')" onmouseup="clearmove()" ontouchstart="move('down')">DOWN</button>
</div>

<p>The background will go on looping forever.</p>
<p>You should choose a background which overlaps better than in this example.</p>
</body>
</html>
 

 
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