AutoCAD 3DMAX C语言 Pro/E UG JAVA编程 PHP编程 Maya动画 Matlab应用 Android
Photoshop Word Excel flash VB编程 VC编程 Coreldraw SolidWorks A Designer Unity3D
 首页 > 数据结构

数据结构教程 第三十七课 实验八 排序实验

51自学网 2015-09-08 http://www.51zixue.net

教学目的: 掌握简单插入排序、快速排序、堆排序的算法并加以应用。

教学重点:

教学难点:

授课内容:

实现下述三种算法,并用以下无序序列加以验证:

49,38,65,97,76,13,27,49

一、简单插入排序

二、快速排序

三、堆排序

以上算法的C源程序。

#define MAXSIZE 20#define LT(a,b) ((a)<(b))typedef int KeyType;typedef int InfoType;typedef struct{  KeyType key;  InfoType otherinfo;}RedType;typedef struct{  RedType r[MAXSIZE+1];  int length;}SqList;void InsertSort(SqList *L){  int i,j;  for(i=2;i<=L->length;++i)    if(LT(L->r[i].key,L->r[i-1].key)){      L->r[0]=L->r[i];      for(j=i-1; LT(L->r[0].key,L->r[j].key); --j)	L->r[j+1]=L->r[j];      L->r[j+1]=L->r[0];    }}void BInsertSort(SqList *L){  int i,j;  int low,high,m;  for(i=2;i<=L->length;++i){    L->r[0]=L->r[i];    low=1;high=i-1;    while(low<=high){      m=(low+high)/2;      if (LT(L->r[0].key,L->r[m].key))	high=m-1;      else low=m+1;    }    for(j=i-1;j>=high+1;--j)      L->r[j+1]=L->r[j];    L->r[high+1]=L->r[0];  }}/* QuickSort related function */int Partition(SqList *L,int low,int high){  int pivotkey;  L->r[0]=L->r[low];  pivotkey=L->r[low].key;  while(low<high){    while(low<high&&L->r[high].key>=pivotkey) --high;    L->r[low]=L->r[high];    while(low<high&&L->r[low].key<=pivotkey) ++low;    L->r[high]=L->r[low];  }  L->r[low]=L->r[0];  return low;}void QSort(SqList *L,int low,int high){  int pivotloc;  if(low<high){    pivotloc=Partition(L,low,high);    QSort(L,low,pivotloc-1);    QSort(L,pivotloc+1,high);  }}void QuickSort(SqList *L){  QSort(L,1,L->length);}                    /* End QuickSort related function*//*SelectSort related function */int SelectMinKey(SqList L,int i){  int k;  int j;  k=i;  for(j=i;j<L.length+1;j++)    if(L.r[k].key>L.r[j].key)      k=j;  return k;}void SelectSort(SqList *L){  RedType t;  int i,j;  for(i=1;i<L->length;++i){    j=SelectMinKey(*L,i);    if(i!=j) {      t=L->r[i];      L->r[i]=L->r[j];      L->r[j]=t;    }  }}           /*End SelectSort related function */typedef SqList HeapType;void HeapAdjust(HeapType *H,int s,int m){  RedType rc;  int j;  rc=H->r[s];  for(j=2*s;j<=m;j*=2){    if(j<m&&LT(H->r[j].key,H->r[j+1].key)) ++j;    if(!LT(rc.key,H->r[j].key)) break;    H->r[s]=H->r[j];    s=j;  }  H->r[s]=rc;}void HeapSort(HeapType *H){  RedType t;  int i;  for(i=H->length/2;i>0;--i)    HeapAdjust(H,i,H->length);  for(i=H->length;i>1;--i){    t=H->r[1];    H->r[1]=H->r[i];    H->r[i]=t;    HeapAdjust(H,1,i-1);  }}main(){  int a[]={49,38,65,97,76,13,27,49};  int i,k;  SqList s;  printf("/nThe record to be sort:/n");  for(i=1;i<9;i++)    {      s.r[i].key=a[i-1];      printf("%d  ",a[i-1]);    }  s.length=i-1;  printf("/n/t1,InsertSort/n/t2,BInsertSort/n/t3,QuickSort/n/t4,SelectSort/n");  printf("/t5,HeapSort/n/tPress 1..5 to select a function/n");  scanf("%d",&k);  switch(k){    case 1:      InsertSort(&s);      break;    case 2:      BInsertSort(&s);      break;    case 3:      QuickSort(&s);      break;    case 4:      SelectSort(&s);      break;    case 5:      HeapSort(&s);      break;    default:printf("No function which you select./n");  }  printf("/nThe records be sorted:/n");  for(i=1;i<9;i++)    printf("%d  ",s.r[i].key);  printf("/n/n/tPress any key to exit./n");  getch();}

 

 

 
上一篇:数据结构教程&nbsp;第三十六课&nbsp;选择排序,归并排序  下一篇:数据结构教程&nbsp;第三十八课&nbsp;文件概念,顺序文件