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高中英语必修1 Unit2词语辨析

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  重视衔接,做好过渡高一新学期伊始,以下是小编整理的关于高中英语必修1 Unit2:English Around theWorld 重要词汇的辨析,希望能够帮到你!

  I词语辨析 (旨在提供完形填空所需材料)

  Direct Speech Indirect Speech

  She said, “I like singing. ” She said she liked singing

  She said, “I am waiting for a bus.” She said she was waiting for a bus.

  Direct Speech Indirect Speech

  She asked, “Have you seen the film?” She asked me whether/if I had seen the film.

  He asks, “Are you a doctor, John?” He asks John if/whether he is a doctor.

  She asked us, “Where are you going to get off?” She asked us where we were going to get off.

  He asked them, “Who gave you a talk yesterday?” He asked them who had given them a talk the day before.

  1. voyage/journey/travel/trip/tour

  【解释】

  voyage: 去国外或较远地方的海上旅行

  journey: 指较远的从一地到另一地旅行

  travel: 一系列的旅程,尤指旅行的概念

  trip: (短途)旅行

  tour: 为了公务、娱乐或教育参观多处名胜的旅行

  【练习】用上面所提供的辨析词的适当形式填空

  1). It is tiring to take a long _______ by train from Paris to Moscow.

  2). The _________ from England to Australia used to take several months.

  3). We’ll have time for a ______ to France next weekend.

  4). We went on a guided ______ round the castle.

  答案: 1). journey 2). voyage 3). trip 4). tour

  1. recognize/realize/know

  (1)recognize 指原来很熟悉,经过一段时间的间隔或别的原因后又重新认出来。

  (2)realize 强调在经过一个过程后的了解。

  (3)know 是延续性动词,指互相间十分熟悉、十分了解

  [应用1](1)Only after you lose your health will you ____________ the importance of health.

  (2)I've ________________ Tom for years.

  (3)I __________ him as soon as he came into the room

  2. frequent/common/ordinary/general/regular

  【解释】

  frequent经常的,时间或间歇很短的发生或出现

  common 通常的、常发生的、广泛使用或众所周知的

  ordinary指种类普通且不能从其他中加以区别的,有时含贬义

  general一般性的,到处的;不限于领域、地区或应用

  regular平常的;惯例的;习惯性的、通常的或正常的

  【练习】用上面所提供的辨析词的适当形式填空

  1). This is a ___________ problem.

  2). He often makes ___________ errors of judgment.

  3).Look at the train’s ___________ schedule.

  4).The violinist gave a very ___________ performance marked by an occasional memory lapse.

  5).As a ____________ rule I am home by six.

  答案: 1). common 2). frequent 3). regular 4). ordinary 5). general

  2. such as/for example/that is/and so on

  (1)such as 用于列举事物时常放在所列举事物与前面的名词之间,且其后不用逗号,直接跟所列举的事物,可与 like互换。它所列举的事物的数量不能等同于前面所提的事物的总和,否则就用 that is或 namely。

  (2)for example 主要用于举例说明,其前后多用符号隔开。其位置比较灵活,可位于句首、句中或句末(such as只能位于所列举的事物之前)。

  (3)that is 相当于 namely,它所列举的事物的总量等于前面所提到的事物的总和。

  (4)and so on 对几个事物进行列举时,在说了其中的几个以后,用...and so on进行概括,说明还有例子,但不一一列出了。

  [应用2] (1)My daughter studies four subjects in school, ____________, Chinese, maths, English and P.E.

  (2)Overcooking, ____________, destroys many nutrients.

  (3)He can speak some other languages, ____________ French and German.

  (4)There are some books, pens, erasers ____________ in my bag.

  3. especially/ specially

  【解释】

  especially意思是“尤其,特别”,表达事物的不寻常或特别重要

  specially 指为了某一目的,专门做某事

  【练习】用上面所提供的辨析词的适当形式填空

  1). Our city is very beautiful, ___________ in spring. 我们城市很美丽,尤其在春天。

  2). He came here ___________ to ask you for help. 他是专程来这里向你求助的。

  答案: 1). especially 2). specially

  4 a number of / the number of

  【解释】

  a number of意思是“若干;许多”

  the number of意思是“……的数目”

  【练习】用上面所提供的辨析词的适当形式填空

  1). Today ___________ people learning Chinese in the world is raising rapidly.

  2). ____________ books in the market are in English.

  答案: 1). the number of 2). A number of

  II词性变化 (旨在提供语法填空所需材料)

  1. actual adj. 实际的 actually adv. 实际上;事实上

  2. base n. 基地;基础 base v. 以……为根据 basic adj. 基本的

  3. east n. 东方 eastern adj. 东方的;东部的

  【练习】用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空

  1) What did he _________ say? (actual)

  2) The __________ cost was much higher than we had expected. (actual)

  3)My knowledge of physics is pretty _________. (base)

  4)She used her family's history as a _________ for her novel. (base)

  5)This novel is ________ on historical facts. (base)

  6)He is interested in ________ customs. (determine)

  7) The wind is blowing from the __________. (determine)

  答案: 1) actually 2) actual 3) basic 4) base

  5) based 6) eastern 7) east


 
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